Schizophrenia is a Greek word which means ‘split mind’. Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that describes a mental disorder in a person. A person suffering from this disorder has trouble expressing reality or his point of view and they face problems both socially and professionally. People with schizophrenia usually live in dilemmas like saying anything without thinking and delusions. Although schizophrenia is considered a rare condition, when it comes to the world, the situation seems to be quite disturbing. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO), two million people in the world suffer from schizophrenia. Compared with other diseases, even though its cases are less, but the prevalence of schizophrenia is high. Since it is a chronic mental illness the number of cases per year is very less, but many people are currently suffering from this condition.
A lot of misconceptions exist within the society about schizophrenia. Explain that schizophrenia does not mean that you have split personality or that you have multiple personality disorder. People with schizophrenia are neither dangerous nor violent, their behavior is similar to that of the general population. However, sometimes such people become victims of social attitude. Lack of proper treatment or care of the patient works to aggravate the disease.
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness in which a person has frequent seizures. Various bio-psycho-social strategies can be used to give a better life to people with schizophrenia. With good support, therapy, and treatment, people can see significant improvement in their behavior and lead a healthier life.
Types of schizophrenia
- Paranoid schizophrenia
In paranoid schizophrenia, the person suffering from doubts, obsessions or delusions is very high and in such a situation, he starts doing what he thinks is right. The person suffering from this condition may behave strangely, his emotional reactions are also not well and his connection with normal life is seen very little.
- Catatonic schizophrenia
A person suffering from catatonic schizophrenia becomes completely mentally, physically and emotionally blunt, so much so that he has little or no facial expressions on his face. For example, they cannot walk for long. There is no feeling of eating, drinking or even passing urine in it. Sometimes the catatonia lasts for several hours, leading them to go to the hospital.
- Undifferentiated schizophrenia
In undefined schizophrenia, a person has a variety of symptoms that fall into more than one type of schizophrenia.
- Hebephrenic schizophrenia
This is the form of schizophrenia in which symptoms such as emotional changes, delusions and changes in behavior, irresponsible and unpredictable behavior are common within the patient. The mind of these patients is always depressed and never matches the current situation. However, the patient may sometimes display pride, grin and repeat what you have said.
Symptoms of schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia can have different symptoms. It may come on its own or it may go away on its own. In addition, these symptoms may occur only two or three times in a lifetime. At the onset of the disease, the symptoms can be sudden and severe.
During the psychotic phase, the patient can perceive reality in many parts. These symptoms can appear in everyday life. These symptoms may also appear during essential activities such as working, eating, or walking around. In some severe cases, activities such as working may also appear limited.
The symptoms seen in the psychotic phase are:
1- The Patient will see, hear, feel or smell some things but they are not real.
2-There is a state of illusion, where strange things are felt, which are absolutely false.
3- The thoughts suddenly move from one place to another in the mind of the victim.
4-Loss of feelings, thoughts and moods appropriate to the current situation.
People with schizophrenia also experience these things:
1- Showing a lot of energy at one time or becoming catatonic. This is a condition in which the body becomes very rigid.
2- To speak such things, about which there is no understanding.
3- Do not wash hands and feet and maintain themself properly.
4-Keeping themself isolated.
5-Loss of ability to work or do other activities in crowded places.
6-Showing less interest in life.
7-Symptoms of depression or change in mood.
8- Being physically inactive.
Causes and risk factors of schizophrenia
Cause of schizophrenia
There is no single cause of schizophrenia. It is believed that some factors like environmental and genetics contribute behind this condition. The main reason behind schizophrenia is genetic and for this condition the patient suffering from mental illness.
Prognosis and complications
Schizophrenia is a chronic health condition that currently has no cure. However, many health conditions and symptoms associated with this disorder can be managed with the right treatment, therapy, education, and support. People with schizophrenia can have strong relationships, go to school or work, and live as healthy a life as other people do.
If this condition is left without treatment or if proper help is not received, then the disease can have the following consequences:
1-Decreased thinking, reasoning and memory
4- Financial problems due to inability to work
6- Living in solitude
7- Aggressive behavior
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